I'm in Ontario, Canada. When I took my license many years ago, there was no requirement for a driver's ed course. But if we did take it, we got a huge cut in insurance costs once we had a license. It comprised both classroom and behind the wheel driving practice. All the driver's ed cars were automatic, even back in the 80's. For the most part, my Dad taught me to drive because all we had were manuals. My Mom also tried to teach me to drive. Yeah, that didn't go so well.
We got a learner's permit, called a 365 because it was good for a year. You had to have a licensed driver in the car with you anytime you were driving. But there was no indication on the outside of the vehicle that the person behind the wheel was a newbie unless you were driving the driver's ed car. Once you (and your parents) felt you were ready to take your test, you'd make an appointment to take your test. It was quite involved and included driving around town, parallel parking, on a hill if possible, backing into a parking space, etc. Those in the city had it tougher because they'd have to show they could get on and off the highway properly.
I'm not sure how it all works now with the graduated system but I do think it is tougher now. But there is still no differentiation in the license as to whether you can drive an automatic or a manual vehicle.