In the Philippines I noticed that my relatives all had a hose connected to their toilets (similar to the spray house on a kitchen sink). Everywhere I went it was expected you would dispose of tp in the trash. But the tp was mostly meant for patting you dry as you'd use the hose to clean yourself. It in public, it was expected that you would bring tp with you as only upscale places frequented by foreigners might provide tp. Might.
Anyhoo, I guess in those circumstances depositing paper in the garbage wouldn't be too bad. My relatives bathrooms never smelled. We're always expected to flush, however.
When my brother commented on the hoses to my cousin, 'you must think Americans stink,' my cousin grinned and responded, 'we do.
Or' wee doo'
From what I've read (which isn't very extensive), America and parts of Europe are really the odd ones about toilets. Most places use a bit of water to wash off and cloth or paper to dry. They also squat, which means that there really isn't a whole lot to wash off. Just some stuff I found while researching "family cloth" lol. I know there are lots of people here from all over the world, maybe what I read was way off?
In Japan, my experience with the "western" toilets was that most had two options for the flush. For just liquids there would be just enough water to dilute and not a full flush...solids a more robust flush. In Europe (Greece and Turkey specifically) my experience is not with "hoses" but with bidets. Making TP just used to pat yourself dry. In all cases, I still flushed every time. Here in the US, I haven't seen the multi-optioned toilet so just use a full-flush every time (because sanitary or not, I still think it's gross not to). I don't know why we haven't introduced the two-flush option here (at least not in most places) because I think it would go over well for conserving water.
The US doesn't have duel flush loos? Wow, you learn something every day. Clearly water conservation isn't as important over there as it is here in Australia, you can only get duel flush here and since the water level in the loo is much lower, even a full flush uses less water. Plus no nasty splash back.
Water conservation is very important in some parts of the US, particularly desert areas and areas where clean water is costly. But mostly, how much water toilets can use is determined by the government.
Years ago, most toilets used about 3.5 gallons (13.2 liters) per flush. Now they use 1.6 gallons (6 liters) or less per flush. So we're working on it.
Dual flush toilets are available here. They are a bit more expensive. And unless you are building a new home or renovating a bathroom, most people just deal with the toilet they get when they buy or rent a new place.
The early low-flow toilets had issues and many required two or more flushes to completely empty the bowl. Now there are pressure assist toilets and other features that make the toilets work better.
I think we have a different type of toilet over here. In a recent thread about toilets, there were certain issues with European style toilets that we don't seem to have, and vice versa.
But just because we don't have a specific type of toilet in every house doesn't mean that there is no concern for water conservation throughout the country.