Actually, I kind of like #2. That is because, when my mother was working in a university's reading & study skills help department, she came across a student who was getting lousy grades; Ds and Fs. He didn't really deserve them, because he was brilliant, and knew his subjects - but his profs couldn't read what he wrote. Awful handwriting, and terrible spelling.
My mom, in spite of lacking credentials, had an instinct for detecting learning disabilities just from reading the students' papers. She suspected dyslexia and sent him for that testing.
Not only did he have dyslexia, but it was profound. It was stunning that he had even graduated from high school, let alone gotten Ds in college.
PCs weren't around then. She did get his profs to let him type all his papers, and to forgive his spelling. Yeah, she went above and beyond for him. He became a family friend. He has had to fight all his life against prejudices against him because he can't spell.
Sounds like a friend who has a daughter with what she calls "stealth dyslexia" (not sure if that's a real name or not). Basically, her daughter is brilliant. So brilliant, that the fact she's also extremely dyslexic was hidden really well as long as she was just reading, because her mind was able to make the huge leaps that it took to recognize words even without being able to process the order of the letters properly. She was reading on something crazy, like college level, by third grade. But in third grade, her mother started really working with her on spelling, and she realized that her daughter couldn't reliably spell the word "she." In third grade. After a MONTH of working on it. And when her daughter could read on a college level! That was when she realized that something was wrong. I guess the daughter was just able to compensate for the issue so much that it didn't become apparent until she had to learn to spell.
Just like my husband. He is *ridiculously* clever. Scary clever. However, his handwriting looks like a cross between a spider throwing up and a 13 year old boy's. It hurts me to look at it sometimes - and to look at him when he's writing because he grips the pen SO HARD his whole hand turns white. He also presses ridiculously hard.
He went to a good British public school and has a good degree in Biochemistry and has recently completed a Masters (in Meat Science - so "bugs on meat"). He has worked in cancer research at top level universities. (Can you tell I am seriously proud of him?) He LOVES to read. However, it takes him SOOOO long to get through even the slimmest of books; even ones that he is interested in.
It was only in the past two years that he has been tested for dyslexia, and - what a surprise - he is Seriously Dyslexic. His general academic levels came out on the 98th percentile - except for reading speed and comprehension, word choice and writing skill, where he didn't score higher than the 45th percentile, so there's a significant discrepancy.
Fortunately, since he started the testing at the beginning of his Masters course, he was able to get adjustments, such as being given print outs of the slides used in presentations (in advance of the session so he can read through them at his own pace) rather than having to take his own notes at the time, being given extra time in exams and timed writing sessions and also he was allowed extra re-writes of his dissertation.
However, he is so reluctant to ask for my help it took almost failing his course before he let me look over his dissertation; in the end we did have to have an argument before he let me assist. Now he has let me re-word his CV and help him with online applications (and he now ticks the "do you need adjustments" box when applying for jobs) he is getting to interview rather than being rejected at the first hurdle.
I just wish it was picked up on earlier - I really do wish the fact that he enjoyed reading and read for pleasure as a child meant that the school said that there was no way he was dyslexic.
On another point - why is dyslexic so hard to spell. Surely that's cruel...