Many documents from the Tudor period did survive. Papers of notable people were often preserved by the family. Paper then was rag paper which holds up beautifully.
Printed books were also becoming more common. We have one that was printed around 1620. The binding is shot but the text block is clean and perfectly readable. This book is a record of funerary monuments. It's full of interesting quotations some, from as far back as the 14th century. This sort of publication was quite common in the 17th century.
Also, in the 18th and 19th centuries, it was a popular pastime to keep a 'Commonplace book'. These were essentially scrapbooks in which people would copy out poetry, prose passages and quotations they found appealing. Often, these would come from earlier centuries.
I'm sure others will have different ideas. these are just things that your question called to mind.